HANDS ON
HOME INSPECTIONS LLC
Inspecting Central New York...one home at a time
What we inspect
According to New York State law the house comprises nine components that the home inspector is to
inspect.
'Hands On' ensures that ALL of these components, and more, are inspected and we encourage you to join
us in the inspection process. This gives you the opportunity to see what we see, and ask any question that
you may have.

Components of the Home Inspection
Grounds and lots
Exterior of the building
Interior of the building
Plumbing
Heating
Electrical
Roof
Accessible attics
Kitchen
Bathrooms
Garage
Basements/crawlspace
A Home inspection is a non-invasive visual examination of a residential dwelling, performed for a fee, which is designed to identify
observed material defects within specific components of said dwelling.  Components may include any combination of mechanical,
structural, electrical, plumbing, or other essential systems or portions of the home, as identified and agreed to by the Client and
Inspector, prior to the inspection process.

1. A home inspection is intended to assist in evaluation of the overall condition of the dwelling. The inspection is based on observation
of the visible and apparent condition of the structure and its components on the date of the inspection and not the prediction of future
conditions.
2. A home inspection will not reveal every concern that exists or ever could exist, but only those material defects observed on the day of
the inspection.

A Material defect is a condition with a residential real property or any portion of it that would have a significant adverse impact on the
value of the real property or that involves an unreasonable risk to people on the property. The fact that a structural element, system or
subsystem is near, at or beyond the end of the normal useful life of such a structural element, system or subsystem is not by itself a
material defect.

An Inspection report shall describe and identify in written format the inspected systems, structures, and components of the dwelling
and shall identify material defects observed. Inspection reports may contain recommendations regarding conditions reported or
recommendations for correction, monitoring or further evaluation by professionals, but this is not required.
Definitions and Scope of a Home Inspection
(as found on www.nachi.org/sop.htm)
Average life span of household components                                

It is difficult to pinpoint exactly how long certain appliances or components within the house may last as there are certain variables to
take into consideration when determining life spans. Factors such as the quality of installation, weather conditions, level of use, etc…
could extend the life of household components while others may not last long at all due to poor upkeep and extensive use. There are
also certain appliances that come with a manufactured date on a sticker or data plate but may not be installed until a year or two later.
Bearing this in mind the following information is
informative only and should be used as a general guideline for the average life
expectancy of a household appliance; and it is suggested that you do further research and analysis after reading the list below before
making any buying decisions.

Item                                                          Life Span (Years)                        Item                                                       Life Span (Years)

A/C and Venting
:           
Attic fan (gable)                                      1
Attic fan (roof)                                      
Air-to-air heat exchanger                    
Ceiling paddle fan                                
Electric compressor                            
Exhaust fan (Bath)                             
Exhaust fan (Kitchen)                     
Gas chiller                                          
Gas Unit                                           
Ridge Vent                                         
Twin roof top turbines                          
Window A/C                                         
Wall unit A/C                                          
Humidifier                                              
Appliances:                        
Built-in microwave                                                    
Compactor                                          
Cook top                                                 
Dishwasher                                           
Disposal-kitchen                                   
Oven and top (single and top)            
Dryer                                                         
Freezer (compact)                             
Freezer (standard)                               
Instant hot                                             
Microwave oven                            
Gas range                                             
Refrigerator                                         
Single oven and top                            
Stove                                                     
Trash compactor                                   
Wall oven (single and double)           
Washing machine                                 
Boiler:                                 
Cast Iron Steam                                
Cast Iron Water                                    
Steel Hot Water                                     
Zone Valves                                            
Countertops:         
Ceramic tile (high-grade)                  
Granite                                                   
Laminate                                               
Marble                                                      
Wood/butcher block                              
Electrical:                         
60 amp fuse service                           
Knob and tube system                   
Exterior:                        
Asphalt driveway                                   
Brick and concrete patio                     
Brick walls                                               
Exposed Concrete                                
Exterior doors (exposed)                  
Fence                                                      
Garage doors                                      
Garage door opener                            
Gravel walk                                            
Paint, plaster and stucco                    
Screen doors                                         
Sprinkler system                                
Swimming pool                                  
Tennis court                                           
Wooden deck                                            
Footings and Foundations:        
Cement                                                   
Concrete block                                      
Poured footing and foundation          
Termite proofing                                    
Waterproofing (bituminous coat)        
Heating:                        
Air bleed valve (automatic)                
Air handler/motor                                  
Atomizing humidifier                           
Barometric damper                            
Cast iron radiator                            
Circulator                                            
Circular Pump                                     
Clock thermostat                                
Combustion chamber lining            
Compressor (Heat pump)                
Condensate Pump                              
Condensing Type                               
Electronic air cleaner                           
Electric baseboard                              
Evaporative humidifier                         
Expansion tank                                    
Fan relay                                                 
Feed and relief valves                          
Flame retention oil burner                 
Furnaces                                              
Gas valve                                              
Heat exchanger                                  
Heat Pump Compressor                   
High Efficiency Type                           
Iron Boiler                                            
Oil tank (New)                                    
Pressure/Temperature gauge         
Radiator valve                                      
Stack relay                                            
Steam humidifier                               
Steel Boiler                                          
Thermocouple                                     
Thermostat                                          
Thermostatic radiator valve              
Wall convection heater                       
Zone valve                                             
Home Security:         
Intrusion system                                  
Smoke detector                                    
Smoke/fire/intrusion system             
Interior:                         
Carpeting                                             
Cast iron bathtub                               
Drywall                                                  
Fiberglass bathtub and shower     
Insulation                                             
Interior door (hollow core)                
Interior door (solid core wood)         
Interior wallpaper                              
Kitchen cabinets                                 
Medicine cabinet/bath vanity            
Sealer, silicone, and waxes            
Shower door (average quality)         
Toilet                                                    
Vinyl sheet or tile flooring                  
Wooden floors                                    
Plumbing:                        
Brass                                                    
Copper or PVC                                    
Faucets --low quality
Faucets-- high quality                      
Galvanized                                           
Galvanized Steel Pipes                    
Interior Pump                                       
Jet Pump                                              
Pressure Tank                                   
Septic systems                                    
Sinks (enamel cast iron sink)        
Sinks (enamel steel sink)                 
Sinks (porcelain sink)                        
Storage Tank                                      
Submersible Pump                           
Sump Pump                                      
Suction Pump                                      
Water heaters (Oil & electric)           
Waste pipe (concrete)                     
Waste pipe (cast iron)                     
Roof Elements:                 
Downspout                                        
Flashing (gutter)                                 
Flashing (seal)                                   
Gutters (aluminum)                        
Gutter (Seamless aluminum)                        
Gutters (wood)                                    
Gutters (galvanized)                                           
Gutter (Copper)                                  
Flat (Rolled)                                       
Metal                                                     
Shingle        (Asphalt)                                      
Shingle (Asbestos cement)                              
Slate                                                                        
Terra Cotta                                                          
Tile                                                                                      
Wood                                                    
Wooden shakes & shingles                            
Wooden shingles                                
Roofing:                
Composition/Built-up roofing           
Flat (Built Up)                                       
Shower Pans:                         
Copper                                               
Fiberglass                                            
Lead                                                      
Siding:         
Siding (wood)                                     
Siding (steel)                                      
Siding (aluminum)                             
Siding (vinyl)                                       
References:
The information listed above was gathered, in part, from the following sources: NAHB Life expectancy Survey from Housing, facts and
figures; "1997 Housing Facts, Figures and Trends" published by the National Association of Home Builders;
http://www.nahb.org/fileUpload_details.aspx?contentID=72475 (2007)
18+
10 - 20
5 - 30
10 - 15
20 - 30
30 - 50
40+
30+
20+
10 - 30
1 -15
30 - 50
10 - 20
20+
20+
15+
10 - 20

14
12
10

10 - 15
50
30 - 70
10 - 15
100+
30+
30+
7
50
20+
1 - 5
25
50
30
100+

40+
40+
13 - 15
15 - 20
40 - 50
40 - 80
10 - 15
10
20+
15 - 25
25 - 30
5 - 10
25 - 30
8 - 12
8 - 12
8 - 10
10
10 - 15
50 - 100
75 - 100

30
15 - 20
2 - 5
30 - 40
15 - 25
10 - 15
15 - 25
40+
8 - 12
20 - 50
15 - 30
40 - 60
50 - 100
60+
50
15 - 30
15 - 30
10 - 20

10 - 50
7 - 10

15 - 20
15 - 25
20 - 30

10 - 100
50+
20 - 50
50
10 - 20
10 - 20
15+
5 - 30
10 - 15
10 - 15
20 - 30
10 - 15
7 - 10
20
20
10 - 20
10 - 20
8

5 - 10
6 - 10
15 - 20
9
5 - 12
15 - 20
13
12
16
15 - 10
9
15
13 - 20
15 - 20
15 - 20
5 - 12
15 - 20
8 - 13

20 - 30
20 - 30
15 - 20
8 - 10

Lifetime
20+
10 - 15
20+
20+

40
Obsolete

10
24
100+
25+
25 - 50
12
20 - 50
10
4
3 - 5
20 - 40
12
18
10
20

50
100+
Lifetime
12
10

3 - 10
5 - 15
2 - 10
30+
40+
10 - 20
8 - 10
20+
30+
8 - 10
5 - 10
Unknown
10 - 15
15+
2 - 15
30+
10 - 20
20+
20+